Honoring The Candy Bomber Published May 16, 2022 By J.M. Eddins Jr. Airman Magazine As part of the 75th anniversary of the creation of the U.S. Air Force, Air Mobility Command will honor one of the fledgling service’s first heroes, Col. Gail Halvorsen, with a celebration of his life and legacy in his hometown of Provo, Utah, May 20-21. U.S. Air Force Logo Halvorsen, who died on February 16, 2022 at 101 years old, was known as the "Berlin Candy Bomber" or "Uncle Wiggly Wings" and gained fame for dropping candy from his C-54 Skymaster to German children gathered near the runway of Tempelhof Air Field during the Berlin Airlift from 1948 to 1949. His personal act of kindness soon spread through his squadron and then became an official part of the Berlin Airlift known as Operation Little Vittles. Retired U.S. Air Force Colonel Gail. S. Halvorsen Retired U.S. Air Force Colonel Gail. S. Halvorsen holds a candy bar parachute similar the ones he dropped during the Berlin Airlift in front of C-54 Skymaster like the one he flew during WWII at the Pima Air and Space Museum in Arizona. During the Berlin Airlift, 1948-1949, then Lt. Gail S. Halvorsen dropped candy attached to parachutes made from handkerchiefs to German youngsters watching the airlift operations from outside the fence of the Tempelhof Airport in West Berlin. (U.S. Air Force photo/Bennie J. Davis III) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res A cornerstone for the Candy Bomber Celebration of Life event will be the "Spirit of the Candy Bomber," a C-17 Globemaster based at Joint Base Charleston that was named in honor of Col. Halvorsen. The aircraft will be officially unveiled during a public static display on May 20 and is scheduled to fly over the event on May 21, alongside the only airworthy C-54 in existence, dropping candy to the kids in the crowd below. The Air Force Band and the Band of the Golden West are scheduled to perform during the two-day program. A 30-minute live broadcast will stream on the Air Mobility Command Facebook page during the May 21 events. Appearing virtually at the event will be some of the surviving "Berlin Kids". Those then-children were given hope in the form of a small chocolate bar floating down by a napkin parachute as they struggled to survive in a city utterly destroyed during World War Two and blockaded by the Soviet Union in the first confrontation of the Cold War. The Berlin Airlift and Operation Little Vittles were the first missions in the U.S. Air Force’s 75 years of delivering hope across the world. Candy Plane The "Spirit of the Candy Bomber," a C-17 Globemaster based at Joint Base Charleston, was named in honor of Col. Gail Halvorsen, who dropped candy hanging from parachutes made from napkins from his C-54 Skymaster to German children during the Berlin Airlift in 1948-49. Halvorsen was called Uncle Wiggly Wings by the children of the city devastated by WWII and blockaded by the Soviets because he would wiggle the plane's wings on approach to Templehof Airfield to signal candy was about to be dropped. (U.S. Air Force photo) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res With the Nazi surrender in 1945, the Allies divided the defeated Germany. The French, British and Americans took the western half of the nation spreading the ideals of democracy, while the Communist Russians occupied the eastern half of Germany. Berlin itself was divided into sectors between the allies, but was completely surrounded by the Soviet-controlled sector of Germany. More than three years after World War II ended, Russian forces blockaded the Allied-controlled areas of Berlin on June 24, 1948, shutting off access to food, coal and medicine to two million German citizens. Berlin became the first front line of The Cold War and the nine-month old U.S. Air Force was charged with keeping Berliners alive while keeping the Cold War from turning hot. The Berlin Airlift began two days later, with U.S. Air Force C-47 Skytrains and C-54 Skymasters delivering milk, flour and medicine to West Berlin. Throughout the duration of the blockade, U.S. and British aircraft delivered more than 2.3 million tons of supplies. At the height of the Berlin Airlift, aircraft were landing every three minutes, supplying up to 13,000 tons of food, coal and medicine a day, according to the Air Force Historical Support Division. Then-1st Lt. Gail Halvorsen, who retired from the Air Force as a colonel in 1974, was one of the American pilots flying around-the-clock missions from Rhein-Main Air Base in West Germany to Tempelhof Air Field in Berlin. He flew 126 missions delivering supplies and food from July 1948 to February 1949. Children in West Berlin watch U.S. Air Force transport planes Children in West Berlin watch U.S. Air Force transport planes land at Templehof Airport during the Berlin Airlift in 1948. During the height of the operation, an aircraft landed every thirty seconds in West Berlin. The USAF delivered 1,783,573 tons and the RAF 541,937, on a total of 278,228 flights from June, 1948 to May, 1949. (U.S. Air Force photo) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res “We learned very clearly that the new enemy was Stalin. He was taking over where Hitler left off. We knew exactly what Stalin had in mind,” Halvorsen said. However, some Airmen had mixed emotions about aiding the former enemy that had been shooting at American pilots just three years before. Halvorsen admitting that he had issues at first with the mission, but it quickly changed when he talked with a fellow crewmember. “He told me that it is a hell of a lot better to feed them (rather) than kill them and that he was glad to be back. That is service before self. That is what causes your enemy to become your friend,” Halvorsen said. On one of his first missions, the American pilot learned in a conversation with German youth through the perimeter fence at Templehof, that West Berliners may have needed food, but they were even more hungry for hope and freedom. Between missions, Halvorsen was filming aircraft landings with his Revere movie camera when he encountered about 30 German children between the ages of 8 and 14, he said in his autobiography, “The Berlin Candy Bomber.” He greeted them with practically all the German he knew, but surprisingly, one of the group spoke English. Halvorsen was soon answering questions about how many sacks of flour and loaves of bread the airplanes carried and what other types of cargo were being airlifted. He talked with the children for an hour before he realized not one had asked him for anything. Instead, they gave him something he didn’t expect: the best lesson on freedom he’d ever heard. “I got five steps away from them, and then it hit me,” said Halvorsen. “I’d been dead-stopped for an hour, and not one kid had put out their hand. Not one.” The contrast was so stark because during World War II, and dating all the way back to George Washington, if you were in an American uniform walking down the street, kids would chase you and ask for chocolate and gum. “The reason they didn’t was they were so grateful to our fliers to be free. They wouldn’t be a beggar for more than freedom,” said Halvorsen. “Hitler’s past and Stalin’s future was their nightmare. American-style freedom was their dream. They knew what freedom was about. They said, ‘Someday we’ll have enough to eat, but if we lose our freedom, we’ll never get it back.’ These were kids, and they were teaching me about freedom. That’s what just blew me away… That was the trigger. I reached into my pocket, but all I had were two sticks of gum. Right then, the smallest decision I made changed the rest of my life.” When he reached into his pocket for the two sticks of Wrigley’s Doublemint gum, Halvorsen debated the wisdom of giving it to them. Perhaps they’d fight over it. Yet, he broke each in half and passed four halves through the barbed wire, then braced for the rush of children to the fence. It never came. The children who didn’t get any of the gum only asked for a piece of the wrapper so they could smell the aroma. Their reaction, along with the surprise the pilot felt when they didn’t beg for anything, led to his decision to do more for them. Lt. Gail Halvorsen greets children of West Berlin Lt. Gail Halvorsen, �The Candy Bomber," greets children of isolated West Berlin sometime during 1948-49 after dropping candy bars from the air on tiny parachutes. (U.S. Air Force photo) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res The man the German children would later call “Onkel Wackelflugel” or Uncle Wiggly Wings, came up with an idea that would not only change the lives of those children, but would also help the West win the ideological war with the Soviets for Germany’s future. Halvorsen told the kids he would drop something to them on his next landing at Templehof if they promised to share. He would signal them on approach that it was his plane by wiggling the wings, something he’d done for his parents after he received his pilot’s license in 1941. Back at Rhein-Main Air Base, just 280 miles away, he combined his candy rations with those of his co-pilot and engineer, made parachutes out of handkerchiefs and string and tied them to chocolate and gum for the first “Operation Little Vittles” drop from his C-54 Skymaster July 18, 1948. “The only way I could get back to deliver it was to drop it from the airplane, 100 feet over their heads, on the approach between the barbed wire fence and bombed-out buildings,” Halvorsen said. “A red light came on that said you can’t drop it without permission. But I rationalized it by saying that starving 2 million people isn’t according to Hoyle, either, so what’s a few candy bars?” The amount of candy steadily increased, along with the number of waiting children, for three weeks until a Berlin newspaper published a photo of the now famous “Candy Bomber.” Soon, stacks of letters began arriving at Templehof base operations addressed to “Der Schokoladen Flieger” (the Chocolate Flyer), or “Onkel Wackelflugel.” One day, after he returned from Berlin, Halvorsen was summoned by Col. James R. Haun, the C-54 squadron commander. Haun had received a call from Brig. Gen. William H. Tunner, deputy commander of operations during the airlift, who wanted to know who was dropping parachutes over Berlin. Halvorsen knew he was in trouble when Haun showed him the newspaper with the picture of little parachutes flying out of his C-54. “You got me in a little trouble there, Halvorsen,” Haun told him. “I’d had a long relationship with him, but he was put out because he was sandbagged,” Halvorsen said. “So when I talk to kids, especially high school kids, I say, ‘when you get a job, don’t sandbag your boss.’ He said to keep [dropping candy], but keep him informed. It just went crazy after that.” Fellow pilots donated their candy rations. Eventually, they ran out of parachutes, so they made more from cloth and old shirt-sleeves until noncommissioned officers’ and officers’ wives at Rhein-Main AB began making them. Later, the American Confectioners Association donated 18 tons of candy, mostly sent through a Chicopee, Massachusetts school where students attached it to parachutes before sending to Berlin through then-Westover Air Force Base. By the end of the Berlin Airlift in September 1949, American pilots had dropped 250,000 parachutes and 23 tons of candy. Lt. Gail Halvorsen greets children of West Berlin Lt. Gail Halvorsen, �The Candy Bomber," greets children of isolated West Berlin sometime during 1948-49 after dropping candy bars from the air on tiny parachutes. (U.S. Air Force photo) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res “Willie Williams took over after I left Berlin,” Halvorsen said. “And he ended up dropping even more candy than I did.” Since the Berlin Airlift ended, Halvorsen has met countless Germans whose lives were changed because of “Operation Little Vittles.” One of them, a 7-year-old girl named Mercedes, wrote in a letter in 1948 that she loved “Der Schokoladen Flieger,” but was concerned for her chickens, who thought the airlift planes were chicken hawks. Mercedes asked him to drop candy near the white chickens because she didn’t care if he scared them. Halvorsen tried, but never could find Mercedes’ white chickens, so he wrote her a letter and sent her candy through the Berlin mail. The two would finally meet face-to-face 24 years later when Halvorsen returned to Berlin as Templehof commander in the early 1970s. Mercedes’ husband, Peter Wild, convinced the Templehof commander to come to his home for dinner. Mercedes showed him the letter he’d written her in 1948, along with the chickens she’d written about in her own letter. It was a friendship immortalized in Margot Theis Raven’s children’s book, “Mercedes and the Chocolate Pilot.” 181027-F-RP072-0362 Col. Gail Seymour "Hal" Halvorsen, a retired officer and command pilot in the United States Air Force, gestures for the crowd to take their seats after he receives a standing ovation at the Airlift/Tanker Association Symposium in Grapevine, Texas, Oct. 25, 2018. Halvorsen, who made a surprise visit to A/TA, is best known as the "Berlin Candy Bomber" or "Uncle Wiggly Wings" dropped candy to German children during the Berlin airlift from 1948 to 1949. Halvorsen is an example of innovation and leadership, offering today's mobility Airmen a reminder of the powerful impact mobility Airmen have on the lives of others. A/TA, AMC's premier professional development event, provides mobility Airmen an opportunity to learn about and discuss mobility priorities, issues, challenges, and successes. The venue creates dialogue between industry experts and Air Force and Department of Defense about ways to innovate, enhance mission effects and advance readiness headed into the future. (U.S. Air Force photo by Tech. Sgt. Jodi Martinez) Photo Details / Download Hi-Res Halvorsen returned to Berlin nearly 40 times since the airlift. In 1974, he received one of Germany’s highest medals, the Grosses Bundesverdienstkreuz, and carried the German team’s national placard into Rice-Eccles Stadium during the opening march for the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City. Halvorsen participated in a re-enactment of “Operation Little Vittles” during the 40th and 50th anniversaries of the Berlin Airlift and also dropped candy from a C-130 Hercules during Operation Provide Promise in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Halvorsen kept a busy schedule as he and his wife, Lorraine, split their time between their homes in Arizona and Utah. Several times a year he would fly the C-54 “Spirit of Freedom,” with FAA certification to fly second-in-command. He also visited many schools, both stateside and overseas, and visited Iraq to review Air Mobility Command transport operations and visit troops deployed in Southwest Asia. Seventy-five years since the Berlin Airlift, the colonel remained universally beloved as the “Candy Bomber,” but he enjoyed one thing about his perpetual notoriety the most. “The thing I enjoy the most about being the ‘Candy Bomber’ is seeing the children’s reaction even now to the idea of a chocolate bar coming out of the sky,” he said. “The most fun I have is doing air drops because even here in the states, there’s something magical about a parachute flying out of the sky with a candy bar on it.” Halvorsen believed the praise he received for bringing hope to a generation of Germans through his candy bombing deflects much of the credit to that first group of children at the barbed wire fence at Templehof. Their gratitude and thankfulness for the pilots’ efforts to keep them free during the Berlin Airlift inspired him to reach into his pocket for those two sticks of gum. That “smallest decision,” as Halvorsen called it, led to 23 tons of candy dropped from the sky to the children of West Berlin and changed countless lives, not to mention the life of the Candy Bomber, himself. Halvorsen’s dedication to helping those in need didn’t end after he retired with 31 years of service in the Air Force. In 1994, his request to assist in another humanitarian airlift was approved. He would fly with the Air Force again, this time delivering food to 70,000 refugees fleeing from the conflict in Bosnia. “We have our freedom to choose, and when the freedom is taken away, air power is the only quick way to answer a crisis like that,” he recalled.